Flora and fauna in the Aosta Valley
A wealth of wildlife and plantlife thanks to biodiversity and environemntal protection
in groups of 5. Among the conifers there is the mountain and wood pine, white spruce, with its erect cones and white ash-coloured bark and the red spruce with its hanging cones. The highest of all is the larch, which, in autumn , turns a characteristic golden-yellow colour. In the regional park of Mont Avic the commonest tree is the Pinus uncinata, a type of Mugo Pine. You can enjoy a particularly rich variety of plantlife on the grassy terraces at the end of June, when the Alpine flowers bloom: you can see the edelweiss, a protected plant species, and asters. On the morains you can find a variety of rocky flora, with types of heather and dwarf
juniper. The various species of Glacier wormwood (Artemisia) also worth mentioning. These are gathered to make GĂ©nĂ©py, a well-known liqueur from Val d'Aosta.
In the area around Perloz you can also find the "Peonia officinalis". Typical wetlands flora can be seen in the lake basins and also in the peaty / marshy areas found in the various nature reserves
A highly-varied type of environment which is home to numerous species of wildlife
An extremely rare example of albinoÂ ibex was found on the slopes of Monte Emilius in 2007.
In recent decades, the population of deer has risen steadily, helped by the existence , in the valley, of large areas of woodland; there are also significant numbers of Roe Deer.
Occasional sightings have been made recently of the Lynx ; one hopes that this animal may make a decisive and permanent return.
The Fox, on the other hand, is extremely widespread in all environments and altitudes. The Marmot and the Mountain Hare are, among the animals found at high altitude, the most emblematic of the small mammals; although they are difficult to catch sight of, there are also Ermines, whose coat in winter turns white camouflage, and also the small Weasel, Beech Marten, Pine Marten and Badger.
The most important bird species include the Blackgrouse and the Golden Eagle, as well as another great predator, the Lammergeyer, which was only recently re-introduced after over 70 years of total absence from the Alpine populations.